Yıl : 2019 Cilt : 39 Sayı : 1

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From Holism to Participation: Three Phases in Durkheim’s Work

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The present paper seeks to read out important displacements regarding the understanding of the relation between the social and the individual in the course of Durkheim’s oeuvre. First, I center on Durkheim’s methodological program. I investigate how his insistence on the distinction between the individual and the social goes hand-in-hand with a repressive concept of the social centered on the concept of norms. I then, second, seek to contour an intermediary phase in Durkheim’s work in which the coercive depiction of the social is complemented with a positive one; this phase then contains his ideas of “integration” and of a (positive) form of “attachment” to society. Third, I demonstrate how Durkheim in his late chief work, by opening up for forms of active collective participation, offers a corrective to the early holism and the idea of an overarching and decollectivized society. Fourth, to situate my interpretation of late Durkheim in a contemporary theoretical landscape, I compare my ideas to the approaches to late Durkheim found in, respectively, Randall Collins’ work on Interaction Ritual Chains and in Jeffrey Alexander and collaborators’ so-called Strong Program.

Anahtar Kelimeler

Collectivity   Durkheim   Norm   Participation   Ritual   Structure  

Sorumlu Yazar

Bjørn Schiermer

Kaynakça

  • Adorno, T. W. (1979). Einleitung zu Emile Durkheim, ‚Soziologie und Philosophie‘. In Soziologische Schriften I (Gesammelten Schriften, Band 8, 1, pp. 245–279).). Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp Verlag.
  • Alexander, J. (1988). Durkheimian sociology: Cultural studies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Alexander, J. (2006). The meanings of social life: A cultural sociology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Alexander, J. (2008b). Iconic experience in art and life: Surface depth beginnings with Giacometti’s Standing Woman. Theory, Culture & Society, 25(5), 1–19.
  • Alexander, J. (2010). The celebrity-icon. Cultural Sociology, 4(3), 326–336.
  • Alexander, J., & Smith, P. (2006). The strong program in cultural sociology: Elements of a structural hermeneutics. In J. Alexander (Ed.), The meanings of social life: A cultural sociology (pp. 11– 26). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Besnard, P. (1987). L’anomie: Ses usages et ses fonctions dans la di
Daha Fazla Göster

Detaylar

DOI 10.26650/SJ.2019.39.1.0012

Submission : 4 May 2018

Published : 30 Haz 2019

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