Yıl : 2019 Cilt : 39 Sayı : 2

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Highly Skilled Migration from Lithuania: A Critical Overview of the Period 1990-2018

Open Access

Öz

Central and Eastern European countries have been undergoing political, social, and economic changes since 1990. The process of international migration has been a cause for concern in many other new European Union member states (Poland, Bulgaria, and Romania in particular). Drawing from a diversity of theoretical works, this paper will attempt to analyze highly skilled migration from Lithuania, an Eastern European country with one of the highest emigration rates in Europe. It will analyze the trends in highly-skilled migration from/to Lithuania over the period of 1990-2018. The Lithuanian phenomenon of highly skilled migration has been argued to signify a qualitative shift in migration policy, from migration seen as a threat to migration/mobility as the main prerequisite of the knowledge economy and development potential. Insights from this analysis may later be used to contribute to analyzing the migration phenomenon in a more comparative regional perspective, as similar structural changes have taken place among the populations and within the labor force of all Central and Eastern European countries. Declining population size, worsening demographic indicators, aging, and labor-force shortages (especially among professionals) have become more and more pronounced.

Anahtar Kelimeler

Brain-drain   Highly-skilled-migration   Lithuania  

Sorumlu Yazar

Liutauras Labanauskas

Kaynakça

  • Aidis, R., & Krupickaitė, D. (2009). Kaip neiššvaistyti protų: Lietuvos studentų nuostatos emigruoti. Vilnius, Lithuania: Vilniaus Universitetas.
  • Aidis, R., Krupickaitė, D., & Blinstrubaitė, L. (2005). The loss of intellectual potential: Migration tendencies amongst university students in Lithuania. Geografija, 41(2), 33–40. Allee, V. (1997). The knowledge evolution: Expanding organizational intelligence. San Francisco, CA: Butterworth-Heinemann.
  • Ardichvili, A. (2009). The relationship between meaning of working and socioeconomic transformations: The case of post-communist Russia. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 218–234. https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1523422309332244
  • Blanchflower, D. G., & Shadforth, C. (2009). Fear, unemployment and migration. The Economic Journal, 119(535), 136–182.
  • Blanchflower, D., Saleheen, J., & Shadforth, C. (2007). The impact of the recent migration from Eastern Europe on the UK Economy (Discussion Paper No. 261
Daha Fazla Göster

Detaylar

DOI 10.26650/SJ.2019.39.2.0106

Submission : 30 Mar 2019

Published : 31 Ara 2019

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